Friday, June 14, 2019

Red-haired firsts and founders, 3rd part (101 - 150)

While working at our partner blog Famous Redheads in History I couldn’t help but notice the great number of “firsts” and “founders” among our famous redheads. Here’s the list from 101 to 150.

First part.
Second part.
Fourth part.

101) Phoebe Anna Traquair: in 1920 she became the first woman elected to the Royal Scottish Academy.

102) Pierina Legnani: she is the first ballerina to be appointed prima ballerina assoluta.

103) Solomon Schechter: founder and president of the United Synagogue of America.

104) Yitzhak Rabin: first native-born prime minister of Israel.

105) Marina Semyonova: first Soviet-trained prima ballerina.


106) Antoine Lavoisier: he is considered the father of modern chemistry. He was the first to discover the metabolism that occurs inside the human body, wrote the first extensive list of elements and was also the first to establish that sulfur was an element rather than a compound.

107) Leopold Figl: first Federal Chancellor after World War II.

108) Rusty Dow (Benzie Ola Scott): in 1944, she became the first woman to drive the Alaska Military Highway from Fairbanks to Dawson Creek in the Yukon Territory and return with a load of cargo. She was also the first woman to drive through the Anton Anderson Memorial Tunnel (Whittier Tunnel) in November 1942.

109) William Lamport: author of the first declaration of independence in the Indies.

110) Princess Lalla Salma of Morocco: first wife of a Moroccan ruler to have been publicly acknowledged and given a royal title.


111) Sara Teasdale: in 1918 she was the first winner of the Special Pulitzer for Letters, which is now considered the earliest Pulitzer Prize for Poetry (inaugurated 1922).

112) Edna St. Vincent Millay: she is the first woman to win the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry since the official establishment of the Pulitzer Prize in 1922.

113) Hetty Cary: along with her sister and cousin, she made the first three battle flags of the Confederacy.

114) George B. McClellan: he designed the so-called McClellan Saddle, which he claimed to have seen used by Hussars in Prussia and Hungary. It became standard issue for as long as the U.S. horse cavalry existed and is still used for ceremonies.

115) Roscoe Conkling: first Republican senator from New York to be elected for three terms and last person to turn down a U.S. Supreme Court appointment after he had already been confirmed to the post.

116) Ben Harney: his 1895 composition "You've Been a Good Old Wagon but You Done Broke Down" is considered the earliest ragtime song. Time Magazine termed him "Ragtime's Father" in 1938.


117) Charles Preuss: in February 1844, along with John C. Fremont, he was the first to record seeing Lake Tahoe from a mountaintop vantage point as they traversed what is now Carson Pass.

118) Rosa Valetti: in 1920, she founded the Café Grössenwahn ("Café Megalomania"), which has been recognized as one of the most important literary and political cabarets in 1920s Berlin.

119) Amelia Bloomer: in her work with The Lily, she became the first woman to own, operate and edit a newspaper for women.

120) Ernie Lopez: first Native American boxer to be ranked as the No. 1 contender in any weight class.
121) Big Harpe and Little Harpe: they are often considered the earliest documented serial killers in the United States, reckoned from the colonial era forward. Their hair colour is somewhat disputed, but most likely at least Little Harpe had red hair.

122) Laura Keene: first female manager in New York.


123) William "Bill" Doolin: founder of the Wild Bunch, a gang that specialized in robbing banks, trains, and stagecoaches in Arkansas, Oklahoma, and Kansas during the 1890s.

124) Georges Cuvier: he is sometimes referred to as the "founding father of paleontology".

125) Bill Bachrach: he is the only coach whose swimmers and divers won every Men's National AAU championship event in one year (1914).

126) Don Budge: first player, male or female, and only American male to win in a single year the four tournaments that comprise the Grand Slam of tennis.

127) Maurice McLoughlin: first male tennis champion from the western United States.

128) Bob Fitzsimmons: first three-division world boxing champion.


129) Luther H. Gulick: founder, with his wife, of the Camp Fire Girls, an international youth organization now known as Camp Fire.

130) Otto Lilienthal: first person to make well-documented, repeated, successful flights with gliders.

131) Louis Daguerre: he is known as one of the fathers of photography.

132) Archie Cochrane: he is considered to be the originator of the idea of evidence-based medicine in the current era.

133) Tim Healy: first Governor-General of the Irish Free State.

134) Frederick McCoy: in 1856 he founded the Botanic Garden of the University of Melbourne.


135) Willard Libby: 1947 he developed the technique for dating organic compounds using carbon-14.

136) Pierre-Joseph Proudhon: founder of mutualist philosophy. He was the first person to declare himself an anarchist, using that term. He is considered by many to be the "father of anarchism".

137) Søren Kierkegaard: he is considered to be the first existentialist philosopher.

138) Ernest Dichter: he is known as the "father of motivational research."

139) Marie Curie: first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the first person and only woman to win the Nobel prize twice, and the only person to win the Nobel Prize in two different scientific fields. She was also the first woman to become a professor at the University of Paris, and in 1995 became the first woman to be entombed on her own merits in the Panthéon in Paris. She coined the term radioactivity and discovered two elements, polonium (named after her native country) and radium.


140) Sir John Ross: first European in the Gulf of Boothia.

141) Bernard Lievegoed: he founded the N.P.I. (Netherlands Pedagogical Institute), helped to found the Vrije School (free Waldorf school) of Zeist and cofounded the Vrij Geestesleven publishing house.

142) Harold Edward "Red" Grange: in 1924 he became the first recipient of the Chicago Tribune Silver Football award.

143) Red Klotz: founder of the Washington Generals.

144) Red Rodney: first white bebop trumpeter.


145) Hervé L. Leroux: founder of the Hervé Leger fashion house. After losing the control of his company, he founded his own independently-financed couture house, Hervé L. Leroux.

146) Red Murrell: he was the first player in Drake school history to have his number retired.

147) David R. Stoddart: he was one of the founders of the journal Progress in Geography and the first co-ordinating editor of the journal Coral Reefs. He was also a co-founder and first president of the International Society for Reef Studies.

148) Robert Rollock: first regent and first principal of the University of Edinburgh.

149) Seymour Geisser: in 1971, he founded the School of Statistics at the University of Minnesota.

150) Robert Penn Warren: so far, he is the only person to have won Pulitzer Prizes for both fiction and poetry.


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