Saturday, August 31, 2019

Red-haired firsts and founders, 4th part (151 - 200)

While working at our partner blog Famous Redheads in History I couldn’t help but notice the great number of “firsts” and “founders” among our famous redheads. Here’s the list from 151 to 200.

First part.
Second part.
Third part.

151) Maud O'Farrell Swartz: in 1931 she became the first woman and the first trade unionist to hold the position of secretary of the New York State Department of Labor.

152) Rose Pastor Stokes: she was a founding member of the Communist Party of America.

153) Bess Furman: first woman to regularly cover the House of Representatives for a news agency.

154) John Wesley Powell: he led the first official U.S. government-sponsored expedition through the Grand Canyon. He also became the first director of the Bureau of Ethnology at the Smithsonian Institution.

155) Allanah Harper: founder of the journal Echanges (Exchanges).


156) Henry Luce: launching several magazines (Time, Fortune, Sports Illustrated, Life, etc.), he created the first multimedia corporation (counting his radio projects and newsreels as well).


157) Virginia Dox: first white woman to explore the Grand Canyon, and also the first white woman to visit the Havasupai. 


158) Jonathan Gold: in 2007, he became the first food critic to win the Pulitzer Prize for Criticism. 


159) Fanny Wright: in the late 1820s she was the first woman lecturer to speak publicly before gatherings of men and women in the United States about political and social-reform issues. 


160) Mark Tobey: founder the art department at The Cornish School in Seattle.  


161) Frederick Varley: co-founder of the Group of Seven.


 

162) J. E. H. MacDonald: co-founder of the Group of Seven. 


163) William Ward: founder of Urbana, Ohio.  



164) Herbert Beerbohm Tree: founder of the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art.  


165) Wil Lou Gray: founder of the Wil Lou Gray Opportunity School in South Carolina. 

166) Sir Robert Dudley: he designed and published Dell'Arcano del Mare (1645-1646), the first maritime atlas to cover the whole world. 


167) Giovanni Battista Belzoni: he was the first to penetrate into the second pyramid of Giza and to identify the ruins of Berenice on the Red Sea. 







168) Richard Francis Burton: together with John Hanning Speke, he was the first European to visit the Great Lakes of Africa, in search of the source of the Nile. He was also the first European known to have seen Lake Tanganyika. 


169) Jill Kerr Conway: Smith College's first woman president (1975-1985).  


170) Edith Wharton: first woman to win the Pulitzer Prize for Literature (1921).  


171) Elizabeth Atkinson Green: author of the first play — When Witches Ride — performed by the Carolina Playmakers (today PlayMakers Repertory Company). 


172) Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor: first king to formally outlaw trial by ordeal, which had come to be viewed as superstitious. 


173) Julia Richman: first woman district superintendent of schools in New York City, first Normal College graduate to serve as principal in New York City and first Jewish woman to obtain the position.



174) Ginger Baker: co-founder of the rock band Cream, along with Eric Clapton. 


175) Sonia Rykiel: founder, in 1968, of the fashion design label Sonia Rykiel, which made clothing, accessories and fragrances. 


176) Rosabell Glass: first girl's advisor at Roosevelt High School, where she founded the Aurora Guards, a group composed entirely of red heads.  


177) John Lennon: founder of The Beatles 



178) Sidney R. Garfield: co-founder of the Kaiser Permanente healthcare system with businessman Henry J. Kaiser.


179) Jack Curran: he won more basketball and baseball games than any high school coach in the United States.  



180) John II of France: in 1360 he introduced the franc to stabilize the currency of his kingdom. 

 
181) Lionel Stander: one of founding members of the Screen Actors Guild. 


182) Rona Robinson:  first woman in the United Kingdom to gain a first-class degree in chemistry and one of the first documented female industrial chemists. 


183) James Keir Hardie: founder of the Labour Party, who served as its first parliamentary leader from 1906 to 1908.    


184) Margaret Cousins: founder of the All India Women's Conference (AIWC). She is credited with composing the tune for the Indian National Anthem Jana Gana Mana. 


185) Cunninghame Graham: first ever socialist member of the Parliament of the United Kingdom; founder and the first president of the Scottish Labour Party; founder of the National Party of Scotland in 1928; and the first president of the Scottish National Party in 1934. 





186) Roman Jakobson: founder of the modern discipline of phonology.  


187) Margaret C. Anderson: founder, editor and publisher of the art and literary magazine The Little Review. 


188) Jacques Vaché: founder of Surrealism 



189) James "Red" Duke: founding member of the American Trauma Society.  


190) Michel Leiris: co-founder of Gradhiva, a journal of anthropology (1986). The journal is now the journal of anthropology and museology of the Musée du quai Branly (Paris). 


191) John Logie Baird: one of the inventors of the mechanical television, demonstrating the first working television system on 26 January 1926, and inventor of both the first publicly demonstrated colour television system, and the first purely electronic colour television picture tube. 





192) Samuel Hamilton Walker: co-inventor of the famous Walker Colt revolver, along with arms manufacturer Samuel Colt. 


193) Benjamin Thompson, Count Rumford: he was an active and prolific inventor, developing improvements for chimneys, fireplaces and industrial furnaces, as well as inventing the double boiler, a kitchen range, and a drip coffeepot. 


194) Henry II of England: first king of the House of Plantagenet.