Monday, November 18, 2019

Red Hair in Art: Federico Zandomeneghi

Federico Zandomeneghi (1841 - 1917) was an Italian Impressionist painter.

In 1860 he tried to join with the forces of Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807 - 1882) in his Expedition of the Thousand. This made it uncomfortable for him to reside in Venice, leading to a brief incarceration, and in 1862 he moved to Florence for 5 years where he frequented the Caffè Michelangiolo. There he met a number of the artists known as the Macchiaioli, including Signorini, Martorelli, Giovanni Fattori and Giuseppe Abbati, and he joined them in painting landscapes outdoors. Painting outside of the studio, "en plein air", was at that time an innovative approach, allowing for a new vividness and spontaneity in the rendering of light.

In 1874 he went to Paris, where he was to spend nearly the rest of his life. He quickly made the acquaintance of the Impressionists, who had just had their first group exhibition. Zandomeneghi, whose style of painting was similar to theirs, would participate in four of their later exhibitions, in 1879, 1880, 1881, and 1886. Like his close friend Edgar Degas he was primarily a figure painter, although Zandomeneghi's work was more sentimental in character than Degas'. He also admired the work of Mary Cassatt and Pierre-Auguste Renoir, and his many paintings of women in their domestic routines follow their example. To supplement the meager returns from the sale of his paintings, Zandomeneghi found work drawing illustrations for fashion magazines.

He took up working in pastels in the early 1890s, and became especially adept in this medium. At about this same time his reputation and his fortunes were enhanced when the art dealer Durand-Ruel showed Zandomeneghi's work in the United States.

After the Bath

Buste de femme rousse vue de profil

Busto di giovane donna


Fanciulla in azzurro di spalle

Figure femminili

La modella

Girl with Doll

Giovane donna allo specchio

La leçon de chant

Girl Picking Flowers

Girl with Flowers

Girl with Flowers

Girl Reading a Book

La lezione

La toilette


La roussotte

Woman with Dog

The White Collar

The Good Book

Redhead Lying Down

Le crochet

Studio di nuca


La coiffure

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